Coastal Erosion

Rock-wall councillors push to meet June deadline

Byron Shire councillor Sol Ibrahim.

Chris Dobney

Byron Shire’s pro-rock wall councillors hope they can rush through a coastal zone management plan (CZMP) in less than two months, although no draft has yet been drawn up more than three years after it was first mooted.

The plan has been mired in delays since the state government first called for it in October 2011.

Then environment minister Robyn Parker ordered the CZMP to be in place by June 2013 and extensions were later given until June 2014 – and then until June this year.

But in March, then minister Rob Stokes told the Coastal Councils Conference that guidelines may be changed after 30 June this year and that councils still with outstanding CZMPs at that time may have to re-frame their drafts to fit them.

Byron Greens Cr Duncan Dey believes the deadline is now unachievable but one of the biggest supporters of rock walls in the shire, Cr Sol Ibrahim, told Echonetdaily that it may still be met.

That is despite the Office of Environment and Heritage throwing out the council contractor’s cost benefit analysis (CBA) of rock walls versus the council’s existing policy of planned retreat.

Byron mayor Simon Richardson has previously told The Echo the CBA was ‘clearly biased towards a rock wall solution.’

But rather than accept the OEH’s offer of help to redraw the CBA, Cr Ibrahim and the pro-rock wall faction voted at last month’s council meeting to give more money to the same contractor to redo the job.

At time of writing the contractor still had not estimated how long it would take to complete.

Secretive

Despite this, Cr Ibrahim told Echonetdaily believes the development of at least a draft CZMP is still possible by the June 30 deadline and to this end council staff have inserted two late reports relating to the matter in today’s council agenda, one of which would establish a project reference group (PRG) that would ‘guide’ the development of the draft.

[Since this report was written Cr Ibrahim has told Echonetdaily that he has now read the late reports in full and council staff advise they believe the CZMP cannot be completed within the government’s June 30 deadline. He did not commit as to to whether he would support a vote requesting an extension at today’s meeting.]

'Government by stealth': Byron Shire Cr Duncan Dey.

But Cr Dey has described the move as ‘government by stealth’ and the PRG as ‘a secretive group that will meet in private and deliver its recommendations to the state government long before it reports to council, let alone the community.’

Cr Dey has lodged a formal objection to the move.

‘With everything we’ve been given there’s not one word about why it has to be dealt with on May 1,’ he said.

‘I’m offended I have to deal with it without the public knowing about it. There’s no announcement [by council] that these late reports have been published,’ he added.

Cr Dey told Echonetdaily that if the CZMP was to be completed by ‘it would have to go on public exhibition by mid May. The idea that is going to be done by June 30 is ridiculous. Even blind Freddy can see we can’t get it done.’

He put a motion the last council meeting to ask the state government for a further extension which was defeated by the pro-rock wall majority.

Funding precluded

But Cr Ibrahim said it was important to get the reports before council today ‘so that we can keep the ball rolling rather than be hamstrung by the cycle of reports.’

He said the likelihood of meeting the CZMP deadline depended on ‘how long it takes for the revision of the cost benefit analysis.’

‘If that were to be completed in two weeks and we were able to have that incorporated into a workshop for councillors on or around the next meeting in three weeks time, then I think we could put the draft out and get submissions in.’

‘It may, in all likelihood, not be completed exactly on June 30 but… I think at least we will get the draft completed and out for public exhibition by June 30.’

‘Personally I would like to see the draft out in early June, so the exhibition period could be completed by June 30 and we could then say, “look, we’ve basically got the finished document”.’

He said that that once council passes that deadline it is ‘precluded in seeking funds for additional coastal works.’

He added even if the guidelines were to change after June 30, ‘I believe the instruction is that those councils that have proceeded in good faith under the existing guidelines can complete their CZMP under those guidelines.’

‘We obviously don’t want to find ourselves in a position that we request funding for additional coastal works or emergency works and don’t get it.’

Constitutional conflict

Cr Dey said that one of the worst aspects of the PRG proposal was ‘that the public will be excluded from PRG meetings and scrutiny even by the elected council will be post-mortem.’

‘The un-health of the PRG’s operation is best illustrated by clause 5 of its proposed Constitution: if the councillor who is appointed chair can’t make it to a meeting, they ring in from their death-bed or wherever and determine the replacement chair for the day. This is unheard of in local government,’ Cr Dey said.

Cr Ibrahim defended the plan to hold closed meetings of the PRG, saying the group may be ‘criticising the work that is being produced by a consultant, considering whether we need additional revisions or changes to the documents we have before us, [or] talking to staff about internal matters.’

But he did leave the door open to the members of the panel being selected by council rather than, as is proposed in the draft constitution, by the group itself.

‘What the staff have done is put up a template for what might be the final constitution… in fact tonight [Wednesday] I’ll be looking at other PRG’s, such as the one that was established for the landslips, that was very effective.’

But Cr Dey said that under the proposed constitution the PRG ‘will be skewed from the outset. It will have a majority of pro-rocks councillors on it and those councillors will be responsible for selecting the community reps.’

Sand pumping a possibility in Byron Bay

Updated yesterday at 10:58am- April 29

Plans to build a protective rock wall on the Belongil Spit could lead to sand being pumped from Tallow Beach, on the other side of Cape Byron.

The local council recently voted to go ahead with the controversial rock wall, which is designed to protect beach-front homes from erosion.

Mayor Simon Richardson said the existing Belongil Beach will be lost unless sand supplies are replenished.

He said one way to do that would be to pump sand from Cosy Corner.

“The Office of Environment and Heritage has basically stated their position that rock walls shouldn’t be built along Belongil unless a system like this is place,” Cr Richardson said.

“Not because they necessarily support a system like this, but they don’t want to lose Belongil Beach.

“If landowners are going to put walls in front of this marine area, we need to do something to protect it.

“So there are a lot of discussion to be (had).

“To me the vast majority of (the options) are quite unpalatable to the community.

“Environmentally they’re incredibly risky without really deep investigation, and of course they’re massively costly.”

But another Byron Shire councillor has defended the rock-wall plan.

Cr Diane Woods said it was ridiculous to suggest the beach at Belongil would be put at risk.

“There’s plenty of beach there with the existing rock walls,” she said.

“The problem is with the tiny bit that’s not done there is a risk of a break through there, which would have a massive impact on the whole of Byron.

“We’re not doing anything new here.

“We’re just completing a rock wall that’s almost completed, only there is about 100 metres of it to do.

“It’s ridiculous to say that we’re going to lose the beach because we haven’t lost it yet.

“You’ve got a home there and you want to protect it, you should be able to take those measures that can be done without making any massive impact upon the amenity of the beach for other people.

“It’s a no-brainer in my view.

“It’s ridiculous to say that people should just walk away and let their homes fall into the ocean when there are steps that can be (taken) and have been done up and down the coast.”

Byron coastal options include sand pumping, giant rock wall

One of the options for sand replenishment from Tallow to Clarkes Beach (right). A near-shore sand pumping system in operation at Noosa Heads (above and below)
One of the options for sand replenishment from Tallow to Clarkes Beach (right). A near-shore sand pumping system in operation at Noosa Heads (above and below)Water Research Laboratory University Of NSW

BYRON Shire Council is caught between a rock wall and a hard place in determining how to best proceed with its Coastal Zone Management Plan.

A controversial plan to pump sand from Cosy Corner at Tallow Beach across to Clarkes Beach has been included as part of a report from consultants Water Research Laboratory (University of NSW).

It is just one of the options on the table as council grapples with how to protect its iconic beaches and built up areas from future storms and sea level rises.

Mayor Simon Richardson said “the average person would be horrified by the thought” and that it would be “unpalatable to the community”.

“The idea of taking thousands of metres of sand from that iconic surf beach, over the National Park to Clarkes goes counter to what I think is the prevailing environmental feeling in our community,” he said.

“But the devil will be in the detail. We need to look at the impact on Tallows, on the surf break, the size of pipes, where they will go and if they will be visible, the noise. At this stage we don’t know.”

The council recently approved an interim rock wall to be built at Belongil while it goes through the process of preparing its Coastal Hazard Management Study and Coastal Zone Management Plan.

MORE LOCAL NEWS

The options before the council are to maintain their current Planned Retreat policy which has been in place since 1988. Essentially it requires owners to remove houses built after 1988 when the sea is lapping on their doorstep.

Another option is to fix the exiting rock walls and fill in the gaps to protect existing houses. If that option is pursued, additional engineering work will be needed to capture or replenish sand that would otherwise be washed away.

Cr Richardson said the options include a series of groynes – rock walls that would run perpendicular to the beach to capture the sand as it moves north from the lighthouse – or one big groyne that could be positioned at the mouth of Belongil Creek that would be similar in size to the rock wall at Brunswick Heads.

Initially the Office of Environment and Heritage would not support the construction of a rock wall at Belongil unless there was an approved sand nourishment program in place to offset erosion.

However, residents approached Environment Minister Rob Stokes who over-ruled that decision so construction can go ahead without the need for a sand transfer scheme to be in place.

But it is estimated that a system to pump sand from Tallow Beach would cost around $2 million to build with an annual running cost of $300,000 – $500,000.

“So the question is who is going to pay for it? Particularly the ongoing running costs,” Cr Richardson said.

The Office of Environment and Heritage had offered to do an independent cost-benefit analysis of all the options but this was voted down at the last council meeting.

‘Go it alone’ council ignores advice over rock wall plans

 |  April 15, 2015 | by Hans Lovejoy

Byron Shire councillor Sol Ibrahim.

Hans Lovejoy

Byron Shire mayor Simon Richardson has lashed out at fellow councillor Sol Ibrahim after he pushed through a motion last week effectively rejecting an offer by scientists and economists to help the council manage the Shire’s pristine coastline.

Instead the council will pay more money to a contractor whose draft cost benefit analysis the state government has already rejected, a move that will push the long-awaited Coastal Zone Management Plan even further behind schedule.

The strategy could also see the potential erosion of Belongil Beach, one of Australia’s most iconic surfing beaches.

And with the support of Crs Wanchap, Cubis, Woods and Hunter, Cr Ibrahim also rejected an offer by the NSW Office Of Environment And Heritage (OEH) to redo a cost benefit analysis for the planned Belongil rock wall at no cost to council.

As reported in The Echo previously, the Belongil rock wall project aims to protect high-priced sand- dune real estate, specifically three private properties and some Council-managed land.

But it’s over budget, has been kept secret, is close to losing state funding and has been criticised by expert scientists who deal with coastal planning.

Additionally, no contribution offer has been publicly announced by the landowners, making the cost to ratepayers unknown.

Nearly $22,000 of public money was splashed at the project last week, earmarked for lawyers and consultants. That adds to the estimated $142,500 already spent since January. Apart from funding the project, there are expected upkeep costs of ‘nourishing’ the beach with imported sand to prevent depletion.

As for the offer of help from the OEH, Cr Ibrahim claims that the department is trying to take ‘control of the process’.

He told The Echo, ‘The OEH steering committee excludes all stakeholders and councillors. Only staff are invited, and that is mainly so that property information could be provided at the early stages of the process.’ He also claims that Council staff are ‘frustrated with the OEH and confused with the inconsistent advice provided.’

‘The advice from the OEH has been heeded, and will inform the revision of our cost benefit analysis by the consultants,’ he said.

Beach to be ‘accessible 95 per cent of the year’ 

And while the plans are still unfolding, Cr Ibrahim claims that ‘Our expert engineering advice is that techniques [such as engineered protection works, groynes and sand nourishment systems] in combination will provide an accessible beach for 95 per cent of the year.’

In reply to whether the rock wall will result in beach erosion, he said, ‘This could not reasonably be said to be a “loss” of the beach.’

As for who pays, he says, ‘The Coastal Protection Act 1979 requires that any approval for permanent protection works must include a credible plan for maintenance and repair by private property owners as a condition of consent.’

Meanwhile, Council’s director of sustainable environment and economy, Shannon Burt, says the coastal zone management plan (CZMP), which outlines coastline management, is unlikely to meet the June 30, 2015 deadline.

She told The Echo it was owing to, ‘belated intervention by the OEH in relation to the draft cost benefit analysis prepared by Council’s consultants.’

The rock wall project, entitled Coastal Hazard Management Study Byron Bay Embayment, was also a ‘key part of the CZMP’.

‘The OEH have recently advised that they are completing their own independent cost benefit analysis of the management study. As a result, Council’s consultants will also need to review the alternative cost models. This task comes at additional cost and time.’

A spokesperson from the NSW Office of Environment and Heritage explained that funding for the ‘interim protection works at Belongil Beach was subject to the submission of a draft design that satisfied the NSW Coastal Panel and relevant state agencies, including OEH, and grant requirements’.

They told The Echo that OEH had, ‘concerns with the proposed design related to the scale of works, impacts to public safety, beach access and amenity.

‘Funding has not been withdrawn and is still available dependent upon submission of a satisfactory design,’ they said. ‘OEH has recommended Byron Shire Council complete its CZMP as a matter of priority.’

Byron Shire mayor Simon Richardson. Photo Eve Jeffery

Rocks bias: mayor

Council’s rejected offer of scientific advice from the OEH has angered mayor Simon Richardson, who told The Echo that ‘integrity and scientific rigour have been jettisoned.’

‘Cr Ibrahim and his supporters don’t want the eyes of the NSW Office of Environment and Heritage (OEH) over it. I do,’ he said.

‘And they should too.’

‘OEH have rightfully been appalled with the interim wall fiasco and are concerned about our economic modelling, which was clearly biased towards a rock wall “solution”.

‘When the OEH chief economist steps in with serious concerns about the cost benefit analysis modelling considering all the possible options; tells us his team will redo one at their expense and they wish to create a high level expert Council and OEH steering committee to make sure the process is robust and thorough, why wouldn’t we support that?’

He queried what expertise Crs Ibrahim, Wanchap, Cubis, Woods and Hunter had in the field.

‘I share the need to get this management plan completed as quickly as possible, but not at the expense of the opportunity for staff and OEH to work together to achieve a better, more transparent and more considered outcome.’

Expert concerns

And dumping large rocks on beaches has also attracted criticism from another expert in the field; retired coastal engineer and long-time resident Andrew Winton-Brown addressed council on Thursday and asked them to explain the secrecy and cost benefit analysis.

He said, ‘Estimated to cost up to $3m to build and $800,000 per year to run, has this plan been factored into any of the analyses of the options particularly the environmental, social and tourist impacts of building such a system at a popular surfing beach and within a national park? Have National Parks and the Arakwal people been consulted as stakeholders?

‘What are the risks associated with this plan?’

‘Once the CZMP legitimises the rock walls, they still have to be built,’ Cr Duncan Dey told The Echo. ‘None of the current structures are up to the standard that will be required.

‘Funding of the re-construction is therefore their next hurdle. Their desire is to have the state – ie the public – fund as much as possible. Not only are the capital costs critical, but the ongoing maintenance is a huge long-term issue.

‘I think the residents are ready with the capital to build new correctly designed walls but what they don’t want is twofold: to foot the bill for sand nourishment and to carry the responsibility for rebuilds after storm damage. Our science is clear: (1) there will be no sand in front of the walls after a decade or two unless it is imported; and (2) with sea level rise (and no beach), damage to the walls will become more frequent.

The nation is watching

‘This is government in secret,’ he said. ‘The rest of the councillors are cut out of all of these plans, and it’s because our vote doesn’t matter.

‘This motion was thrown at us on the day and it took up more space than the overhead screen allowed.’ And despite being locked-out in decision -making, Cr Dey says ‘the nation is watching: our outcome will set a tone for many parts of NSW and Australia.’

But Cr Ibrahim agreed for community input in the process. A community advisory/reference panel will be established; however, its terms of reference and influence are yet to announced.

According to Cr Ibrahim, ‘There have been several meetings already which included concerned members of the public. They were provided with expert presentations, and participated in robust debate.’

Cr Ibrahim also defended the secrecy as ‘lawful process’ and told The Echo that, ‘the staff report explains that it is because of certain actions of the OEH that our draft is not ready for public exhibition.’

‘The recent attempt by OEH to take control of the process would further delay the process, well beyond the minister’s deadline of June 30.’

Belongil rock wall to be built against govt advice

November 3, 2014 | by Chris Dobney

Belongil landowner John Vaughan addresses council (October 30, 2014). Photo Eve Jeffery.

Chris Dobney

Belongil residents will ‘get their rocks on’ after Byron Shire Council on Thursday voted to go ahead with plans for an ‘interim’ rock wall on their beach against the advice of the Office of Environment and Heritage.

Thursday’s decision follows the rejection of a motion by Greens Cr Duncan Dey to put the project on hold until the council completes a long-awaited Coastal Zone Management Plan (CZMP), now due in June next year.

But if councillors expected to receive any thanks from the affected landowners they had to think again.

The plan’s largest advocate, Belongil resident John Vaughan, spent much of his allocated public access time railing against a legal agreement council had provided landowners to sign, describing it as a ‘40-page tome’ and comparing it to the ‘one-page document’ he had been provided in 2001, when a previous council was considering the issue.

Echonetdaily understands Mr Vaughan is the only affected landholder still to sign the document, and ironically now the only impediment to the rock wall going ahead.

Also speaking on the subject at public access was Karl Goodsell from Positive Change for Marine Life, who said there were ‘literally hundreds of examples from around Australia of dire consequences’ that had resulted from the building of sea walls.

‘A UNSW thesis written specifically on [Belongil] said that intervention can “interfere with and interrupt the natural processes”,’ he said.

‘If this [sea wall] goes ahead I predict there will be similar fight from residents further north within a decade,’ he added.

Mr Goodsell’s speech received a round of applause and accolades from the gallery but did not sway a majority of the councillors.

OEH withdraws funds

The move to hold off construction followed a series of letters from the Office of Environment and Heritage (OEH) this month, which spelt out to council staff that the the rock wall in its current design would not attract some $300,000 funding that it had previously promised.

But OEH said that funding could still be available if council instead chose to first complete the CZMP and reconsider the design in that context.

The carrot of state funds did not tempt conservative councillors, however, who defeated the motion with the aid of Greens defector Cr Rose Wanchap (Crs Dey, Richardson, Spooner and Cameron for).

Cr Wanchap spoke against the motion, using a slide-show of the ageing geotech bags, which she said were ‘there one day and gone the next’ to bolster her argument.

‘There’s a very small distance between the beach and the estuary. If we have a breakthrough in the middle of a storm, the rest of the people on that spit will be in danger,’ she said.

Source of funds

Cr Cameron raised the issue of alternative funding and said ‘we should give the community the opportunity to decide on whether to pay a million dollars for maybe six months’.

He was also critical of the options for funding the wall provided by council staff.

‘There’s $398,000 to come from the infrastructure renewal fund, which is meant for potholes and parks,’ he said.

‘I see the employee leave entitlements reserve is also to be raided.

‘Pictures of geobags moving, shows they’re working. The bite is caused by the rocks. Where is it going to cut in? At the most sensitive area, further north, where the endangered shorebirds are nesting,’ Cr Cameron said.

Rocks vs geobags

Under questioning from the mayor, infrastructure services director Phil Holloway said council had spent in excess of $2 million over 10 years on the existing geobag structure, ‘including repair and replacement’.

He also admitted some batches of the bags used were considered to be too small for the job, which had exacerbated the problem.

He added that new, larger sizes were now available but that geobags overall were ‘designed for small storms and small tides’.

Mr Holloway said a new wall constructed in geobags instead of rocks ‘would cost around $600,000’.

He was asked by Cr Dey how the sandbags would be removed to make way for the rocks.

‘I’m imagining I would just go down there with a Stanley knife,’ Cr Dey quipped, to which Mr Holloway replied it would be no easy task.

‘Some bags have compacted sand in them, which is not a simple matter to remove. The bags are designed so as not to be easy to cut. So it’s not just a case of cutting them and tipping out the sand,’ he said.

Mayoral passion

Mayor Simon Richardson gave perhaps the most impassioned speech of his career in a last-ditch attempt to get the motion up.

‘This is a simple notice of motion to give credence to some sense of process and science,’ he said.

‘What’s changed now is OEH won’t fund it because the wall is way too big, unnecessary and will undermine the CZMP.

‘The state’s pre-eminent coastal scientists [the NSW Coastal Panel] have said the same thing. Do we spend a for 100 metres now, when if the CZMP says we shouldn’t have sea walls we then have to pay to remove it?’

He added staff had to use a loophole to get the proposal up at all.

‘This had to go through an infrastructure SEPP because rocks are not considered to be temporary. There’s not one case in Australia’s history where rocks were put on the beach and then removed.

‘We should acknowledge the OEH – that green extremist group – has withdrawn funding and said we should have a CZMP, and we should suspend it until we have a proper plan.

‘We should put process ahead of individual landowners and put science before spin,’ Cr Richardson said.

But his pleas failed to win over the conservatives and the decider, disaffected former Greens Cr Wanchap. The motion was lost by one vote.

State Government Belongil erosion works funding washes away

NO FUNDING: Erosion eating away the land at Belongil Beach.
NO FUNDING: Erosion eating away the land at Belongil Beach.The Northern Star

A DECISION by the Office of Environment and Heritage to withdraw funding for the proposed beach works at Belongil has put the future of the project in jeopardy.

Instead of going to the Byron Shire Council’s October 30 meeting looking to take the project from the design phase to construction, the topic of alternative funding will now need to be considered, Council’s director of infrastructure services Phil Holloway said.

“This [funding] could come from either property owners or from Council general funds and was yet to be decided,” he said.

From last year the office had supported a funding arrangement seeing them match council’s contribution on a dollar-for-dollar basis for a $300,000 component of the beach works, he said.

But the office said in a letter to council received on October 8, this funding had been withdrawn.

At issue is the size of the interim beach access works that will help to stabilise the Belongil headland, at risk from sea erosion.

The office said the scale of the works would have a significant impact on the beach areas of Belongil, and was the reason the funding had been pulled.

The council has written to the office to understand what exactly the “withdrawal of funding support,” means for the project Mr Holloway said.

“What we are unclear about is whether it is the whole funding amount or part, as the funding contract has been in progress for over a year,” he said.

Council has not received payment from the office for part of stage one of the project which was submitted on January 29, 2014, he said.

The loss of funding was a “concern” and could stop the interim works proceeding, Simon Richardson Byron Shire mayor said.

Considering the Coastal Zone Management Plan could be completed and ratified by State government by Easter next year, it made sense to hold-off on a project that was only supposed to be an interim solution.

The proposed interim break walls were always too big and the current situation should remain until the plan is finalised he said.

January 14, 2014

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-01-14/communities-battle-worsening-coastal-erosion/5199478?section=nsw

August 9, 2013

http://www.nbnnews.com.au/index.php/2013/08/08/byrons-coastline-on-the-road-to-recovery/

Nearly seven months have passed since ex tropical cyclone, Oswald wrecked havoc on the Far North Coast beaches, but our coastline is still struggling to recover.

Byron Council is working against the clock, trying to remediate the damage before the storm season rolls around again.

August 7, 2013

Council plea for PM’s help fix erosion from Oswald storm

Kevin Rudd is visiting Banora point. Launching Michael Armstrong and Reece Byrnes. Photo: John Gass / Daily NewsJohn Gass

BYRON Shire Council general manager Ken Grainger has written to Prime Minister Kevin Rudd asking for funds to help with severe beach erosion caused by ex-tropical cyclone Oswald in January.

In his letter, Mr Grainger describes the beach erosion situation in the north of the shire as “critical”, with New Brighton and South

Golden beaches having shown “minimal recovery” since the Oswald event.

“Council is concerned that New Brighton is bordering on qualifying as an erosion hotspot,” Mr Grainger said.

At New Brighton, The Esplanade, he explains, is now only 15m from the erosion escarpment in some places and many residents need the road to access their homes.

The council “may need to consider options such as relocating the road if current conditions persist,” he wrote.

The letter, dated July 18, will be tabled at Thursday’s council meeting and requests the PM assist the council with technical and financial support to prepare a coastal zone management plan (CZMP) for the area.

At Thursday’s meeting councillors will also be updated on other major coastal projects, including the interim rock/hard works at

Belongil; beach scraping at New Brighton, and preparing a draft CZMP for the Byron Bay Embayment.

July 24

Legal tide turns on erosion victims

A PhD candidate from the Southern Cross University says beach-front property owners are on shaky ground if they think they have a common-law right to protect their homes.

John Corkill says he’s been reviewing cases dating back to the mid-1800’s from Great Britain and Australia.

He says there is clear evidence that coastal management in the public interest outweighs the rights of private property owners.

“There were always big questions around whether landowners could claim a right to defend against the sea, or compel the Crown to do things to protect their land,” Mr Corkill said.

“It became quite clear to me that there wasn’t a strong footing for this argument.

“Certainly when I looked at cases in Australia, the court has found that these rights don’t exist.

“That’s really the ultimate conclusion of my research, is talking about rights, or old common-law rights from England in the 1800’s is really completely the wrong approach.

“We have a legislative framework that says if you want to build a sea wall you need to get permission from the council and from the Crown, being the NSW Government.”

Sydney Morning Herald – coastal erosion

New Brighton

http://echonetdaily.echo.net.au/new-brighton-beach-scraping-works-get-state-funding/

Belongil

March 22-23, 2013

belongil interim decision

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